Прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке: упражнения с ответами онлайн

Так как в русском языке нет правила согласования времен, студенты испытывают сложности с грамматической структурой Reported speech. В теории помнят о сдвиге времен, но продолжают делать ошибки в свободном говорении. Данная подборка упражнений поможет закрепить перевод прямой речи в косвенную в английском языке.

Deaf man

Уровни – pre-intermediate –intermediate

Прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке: упражнения с ответами онлайн

Цель — практиковать перевод в непрямую речь в ситуации общения. Для выполнения этого задания учащихся должно быть больше трёх.

Student A произносит заранее подготовленное утверждение, обращаясь к student B (можно раздать предложения, напечатанные на карточках). Утверждения должны включать разнообразные времена глагола в зависимости от уровня студента. Student B притворяется, что не расслышал предложение и просит student С повторить вопрос в косвенной речи.

Например,
Student A: My neighbour has been to the USA.
Student B (to student C): What did he say?
Student C: He said that he had been to the USA.
Student B: Oh, thank you.

Who asked what?

Уровни – pre-intermediate –intermediate

Прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке: упражнения с ответами онлайн

Цель — практиковать перевод в косвенную речь в групповом общении. Попросите учащихся подготовить 3-7 вопросов (в зависимости от количества участников).

Например,

  1. What’s your favourite TV programme?
  2. Have you ever changed a wheel on a car?
  3. Where will you be at 8 o’clock tomorrow morning?
  4. What time did you wake up today?
  5. Are you going out tonight?

Затем студенты ходят по классу, задают каждому одногруппнику вопрос и получают на него ответ. После выполнения задания преподаватель спрашивает каждого студента, какие вопросы ему задавали и каким был его ответ.

Например,
Alex asked me if I had watched any interesting films and I told him that I had watched ‘Lost in translation’.

Contradictions

Уровни – pre-intermediate –intermediate

Прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке: упражнения с ответами онлайн

Цель — практиковать косвенную речь в парах. Преподаватель раздаёт список утверждений. Например,

He’s married.
I can’t come to your party.
There’s no milk left.
I’m 25 years old и т.д.

Студентам в парах необходимо разыграть диалог, в котором одна их сторон предоставила неверную информацию. Также можно продолжать диалог, дополняя его последующими репликами.

Например,
A: He’s married.
B: But you told me he wasn’t married, he was divorced!
A: Probably there was a misunderstanding.

News reports

Уровни – upper–intermediate

Прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке: упражнения с ответами онлайн

Цель — отработать reporting verbs.

Спросите студентов какие новости о политике или о звёздах шоу бизнеса обсуждаются в последнее время. Попросите составить несколько заголовков, используя глаголы: accuse, deny, claim, insist, agree, admit, promise.

Например,
The soap star denied that she was having an affair.

Celebrity interviews

Уровни – intermediate-upper–intermediate

Цель — тренировать непрямую речь с помощью аутентичного аудирования.

Задание является вариацией “Who asked what”? для индивидуального обучения.
Подберите видео-интервью со знаменитостью, которая нравится студенту. Попросите учащегося посмотреть его и выписать 3-7 вопросов, которые задавали актёру или певцу. Также можно записать его ответы.
Например,

The interviewer asked him how old his children were and he answered that they were 18 and 15.

Прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке: упражнения с ответами

08.05.2019

Прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке, или как еще называют данный раздел грамматики — согласование времен, требует знания основных английских времен. Основная идея при переводе из прямой речи в косвенную — сдвигаться на одно время назад. Косвенные вопросы также имеют особенности, так как порядок членов сохраняется прямым, как в утверждении.

Подробно про косвенную речь читайте в нашей отдельной статье.

Содержание

  • 1 Тест по косвенной речи в английском языке
      • 1.0.1 Henry said to me, «The teacher is listening to us.»
      • 1.0.2 Bod said to Tom, «I made no mistakes in the last dictation.»
      • 1.0.3 He said, «I haven't read many English books.»
      • 1.0.4 May said, «I don't want to wear my old dress.»
      • 1.0.5 My mother said to me, «I feel very tired and I have a headache.»
      • 1.0.6 She said, «My children are playing in the garden.»
      • 1.0.7 The teacher said to the pupils, «Learn the poem by heart.»
      • 1.0.8 Mary's mother said to her, «Don't go out without your coat.»
      • 1.0.9 I asked Peter, «Are you going to play football on Friday?»
      • 1.0.10 Ann asked Mary, «What do you usually have for breakfast?»

Тест по косвенной речи в английском языке

Выберите правильный вариант ответа из предложенных

… the teacher was listening to us the teacher listened to us
… he had made no mistakes in the last dictation … he has made no mistakes in the last dictation
… he didn't read many English books … he hadn't read many English books
… she didin't want to wear her old dress … she doesn't want to wear her old dress
… she was feeling very tired and she had a headache … she felt very tired and she had a headache
… her children were playing in the garden … her children played in the garden
… you must learn the poem by heart … to learn the poem by heart
… not to go out without her coat … not go out without her coat
… if was he going to play football on Friday … if he was going to play football on Friday
… what I usually have for breakfast … what I usually had for breakfast

Косвенная речь
Повторите косвенную речь!
Упражнения на косвенную речь в английском языке (Reported speech) Ссылка на основную публикацию Прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке: упражнения с ответами онлайн Прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке: упражнения с ответами онлайн

8 и 9 классы! Упражнения для вас. Прямая и косвенная речь

Прямая и косвенная речь в английском языке: упражнения с ответами онлайн
Упражнение 1. Передайте следующие повествовательные
предложения в косвенной речи.

 1. Не said: «I have just received a letter from my uncle.» 2.
«I am going to the theatre tonight,» he said to me. 3. Mike said:
«I spoke to Mr. Brown this morning.»
4. He said to her: «I shall
do it today if I have time.» 5. I said to them: «I can give you my
uncle's address.» 6. Oleg said: «My room is on the second
floor.» 7. He said: «I am sure she will ring me up when she is back
in St. Petersburg.» 8. Misha said: «I saw them at my parents' house
last year.» 9. He said: «I haven't seen my cousin today.» 10.
«I don't go to this shop very often,» she said. 11. Tom said: «I
have already had breakfast, so I am not hungry.» 

 Упражнение 2. Передайте следующие
повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

 1. «This man spoke to me on the
road,» said the woman. 2. «I can't explain this rule to you,»
said my classmate to me. 3. The teacher said to the class: «We shall
discuss this subject tomorrow.» 4. The woman said to her son: «I am
glad I am here.» 5.

Mike said: «We have bought these books
today.» 6. She said to me: «Now I can read your translation.» 7.
Our teacher said: «Thackeray's novels are very interesting.» 8. She
said: «You will read this book in the 9th form.» 9.

Nellie said:
«I read «Jane Eyre» last year.» 10. «My friend lives
in Moscow,» said Alec. 11. «You have not done your work well,»
said the teacher to me. 12. The poor man said to the rich man: «My horse
is wild. It can kill your horse.» 13.

The rich man said to the judge:
«This man's horse has killed my horse.» 

 Упражнение 3. Передайте следующие
повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

 1. The mother said: «The children are in
the nursery, doctor.» 2. «I have no time for lunch today,» said
the boy to his mother. 3. «You speak English very well,» said the
woman to me. 4. My brother said to me: «I am going to become a
doctor.» 5. My uncle said to us: «I buy several newspapers every
day.» 6.

The teacher said to the pupils: «Next year we shall have six
hours of English a week.» 7. He said to me: «I want to see you
today.» 8. She said: «I am free tonight». 9. Mother said to me:
«I feel bad today.» 10. The pupil said to the teacher: «I can do
my homework after dinner.» 11. The teacher said to Jack: «You work
hard, I know. You are a good boy.

» 12. The old man said to the girl:
«You can sing perfectly. I think you will be a famous singer.» 13. My
sister said to me: «You look very well, much better than you looked
yesterday. I think you have recovered after your illness.» 14. «You
are an excellent cook. Everything is so tasty,» said my guest to me. 15.

The student said: «I can't answer this question. I don't understand
it.»

 Упражнение 4.
Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

 1. Не said to me: «They are staying at the Grand Europe Hotel.» 2.
He said: «They are leaving next Monday.» 3. The clerk said to them:
«You can leave the key with the maid upstairs.» 4. Masha said:
«I usually spend my holidays in the south.» 5. She said: «I
spent my holidays in the Crimea last year.» 6. Boris said: «I go to
the south every year.» 7.

He said: «I am going to a health resort
tomorrow.» 8. Ann said to us: «They haven't yet come.» 9. She
said to us: «They arrived in St. Petersburg yesterday.» 10. I said:
«I was in London last year. My friends in London sometimes invite me to spend
my holidays with them.» 11. Nick said: «I have never been to London.
I think I shall go there next year.» 12.

He said: «I shall not stay
with my friends too long.» 

 Упражнение 5. Передайте следующие
повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

Прямая и косвенная речь тренировочные упражнения

  • Прямая и косвенная речь. Согласование времен
  • Тест 1
  • Выберите правильный вариант.

1. She said that she______keen on drawing.

a) was                              c) has been

b) is                                 d) were

2.1______her that I______time to play the piano.

a) told, have no                 c) told, did not have

b) tells, did not have           d) told to, had not have

3. Jane answered that she______very early, so she______ the news.

  1. a) went to bed, hadn't seen
  2. b) had gone to bed, hadn't seen
  3. c) has gone to bed, hasn't seen
  4. d) had gone to bed, didn't see

4.  Mary told me that she______to leave for London the next week.

a) is going                        c) were going

b) has gone                       d) was going

5.1 replied that I _____ her when I______back.

a) will phone, got             c) will have phoned, will have come

b) would phone, got         d) is to phone, get

6. Mary said that Paris______beautiful in spring.

a) is                                 c) was

b) has been                       d) were

7. The teacher______a report on the Civil War.

a) told Jane to make           c) told Jane make

b) tell to Jane to make        d) told to Jane to make

8. Jane______worry about her health.

a) ask to me not to             c) asked me not to

b) asked to not                  d) asked not

9.1 said that I______if I______time.

a) will go, have                  c) would go, have had

Читайте также:  Present perfect, past simple: упражнения для 5 класса с ответами и сравнение

b) would go, had               d) will go, had

10.  Mary answered that she______wake up early in the morning when she was young.

a) did get used to               c) gets used to

b) is getting used to            d) used

11. Jane told me______calm.

a) to stay                          c) to have stayed

b) stay                              d) staying

12. I am surprised to see you. Your mother said you______ ill.

a) were                             c) has been

b) are                               d) had been

13.  She said that Mary______into her flat because she ______her key.

a) cannot get, lost              c) couldn't get, had lost

b) couldn't get, has lost       d) can't get, was losing

14. Jane told everybody that she______a meeting______.

  • a) had, tomorrow
  • b) was having, tomorrow
  • c) will have, the next day
  • d) was having, the next day

15. Mary told me that writing a test______her nervous.

  1. a) is making                      c) will make
  2. b) made                           d) make
  3. Тест 2
  4. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. Ellie exclaimed that she______that car since her father gave it to her and that there had been no complaints.

a) had driven                    c) drove

b) had been driving            d) was driving

2. Vie said that they knew only what was in the papers, that they______for a call or a telegram since they heard of the accident.

a) waited                          c) had waited

b) were waiting                  d) had been waiting

3. Norma said that the old car had broken when they______ the bridge.

a) has crossed                   c) crossed

b) had been crossing          d) were crossing

4.  She said she couldn't go in the water because she______ her swimming suit.

a) had not brought             c) hasn't brought

b) didn't bring                   d) will not bring

5.  She said my shoes were wet through and asked if I __all the way from the station in that rain.

a) has walked                    c) walking

b) had walked                   d) was walking

6.  The old teacher advised me to speak slowly if 1______ them to understand me.

a) had wanted                   c) wanted

b) want                            d) would want

7.  It was announced that the international treaty against the new warfare______and had gone into effect.

a) would have been ratified        c) had been ratified

b) is ratified                                d) was ratified

8.  The Navy officials said that the dolphins______in salt water holding tanks.

a) will be kept                   c) are kept

b) would be kept                d) will kept

9. Nobody can explain why she decided to touch upon the matter yesterday night. She______that the whole subject was too dangerous to discuss at night.

a) ought to know               c) ought known

b) ought to have known      d) ought know

10. It has recently been announced that further supplies ______soon be available.

a) will                              c) were

b) would                          d) are

11.She wondered if Stephen had found that the room was empty and if he___for her at the moment.

a) looked                          c) was looked

b) had been looking           d) was looking

12. The receptionist told us that from our room we______awonderful view over the sea.

a) will have                       c) would have

b) were going to have          d) were having

13.  Miss Marple replied that she______surprised at seeing the doctor depart.

a) is not                            c) has not been

b) won't be                       d) would not be

14. The receptionist explained that breakfast______served between 7.00 and 9.00.

a) is                                 b) is being

с) was                              d) was being

15. The guide reminded us that after lunch we_________ sightseeing.

  • a) go                               c) went
  • b) were going                    d) would go
  • Тест 3
  • Выберите правильный вариант.

1. Не asked me if Tom______yet.

a) hadn't left                     c) leaves

b) left                              d) hasn't left

2. He asked me how long I______English.

a) learn                            c) has been learning

b) am learning                  d) had been learning

3.1 didn't know who they______about.

a) speak                           c) were speaking

b) are speaking                  d) spoke

4. Do you know whose work they______.

a) discuss                         c) were discussing

b) are discussing                d) discussed

5.1 didn't know he______a new book.

a) wrote                           c) writes

b) has written                    d) had written

6. We didn't know whose things they______.

a) were                             c) can be

b) are                               d) may be

7. All the students knew they______revise for the examinations.

a) will                              c) may

b) must                            d) had to

8. He showed me which exercises he______.

a) does                             c) had done

b) has done                       d) '11 do.

9. He knows that Peter______in Kiev now.

a) was                              b) is

с) '11 be                              d) has been

10. He knew why Peter______to Kiev several times.

a) was                               c) had been

b) has been                        d) '11 be

11.1 thought you______do it tomorrow.

a) 'd                                  c) can

b) '11                                  d) must

12. We were sure that you______cope with the task.

a) can                               c) could

b) will                               d) are able to

13. The teacher asked what we______.

a) discuss                           c) are discussing

b) discussed                       d) were discussing

14. He wanted to know when we______there again.

a) go                                 c) '11 go

b) were going                     d) are going

15. A man asked how______to the Red Square.

  1. a) get                                c) getting
  2. b) to get                            d) 'd get
  3. Тест 4
  4. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. She said that her friend's name______Mary.

a) is                                  c) was

b) has been                        d) were

2.1 saw what he______.

  • a) means                           c) is meaning
  • b) meant                           d) has meant
  • 3, She thought it______curious.
  • a) '11 be                              c) is
  • b) was                               d) has been

4. He said he______hungry.

a) was                               c) '11 be

b) is                                  d) has been

5.1 heard she______good English.

a)speaks                           c)speak

b) is speaking                     d) spoke

Косвенная речь (Reported Speech) | Упражнение по английскому с ответами

Пример: She said to me, “Open the window!” – She told me to open the window.

  1. My mother said to me, “Put on your coat!”
  2. My friend said to us, “Don’t come today.”
  3. He said to Mary, “Don’t forget to send me an e-mail.”
  4. Karrie said to me, “Call me tomorrow.”
  5. She said to me, “Don’t shout at me!”
Читайте также:  Критика и ненависть на английском

Задание 2. Заполните пропуски словами say и tell в нужной форме.

  1. I…………her that she was my only friend.
  2. Did he…………he would stay in New York?
  3. She…………that she was going to invite me.
  4. They didn’t…………us they were ill.
  5. She…………she didn’t play the piano.

Задание 3.  Переведите вопросительные предложения из прямой речи в косвенную

Пример:  He asked me, “Do you know my sister?” – He asked me if I knew his sister.

  1. She asked John, “When are you going to come?”
  2. He asked her, “Who is your favourite actor?”
  3. A man asked me, “Do you have a car?”
  4. My father asked me, “Where were you yesterday?”
  5. Helen asked him, “Will you be at home?”

Задание 4. Переведите из прямой речи в косвенную предложения с модальными глаголами

  1. He said, “I can drive a car.”
  2. She said to me, “You ought to call her.”
  3. She said, “He must stay here.”
  4. They said to me, “You should drive more carefully.”

Задание 5. Заполните пропуски

  1. ”He came yesterday.” She said that he had come……………
  2. “My parents will arrive today.” He said that his parents would arrive……………
  3. “I will contact you tomorrow.” He said he would contact me………………
  4. “I was there the day before yesterday.” She said she was there………………

Ответы с пояснениями

Задание 1

  1. My mother told me to put on my coat.

    Если прямая речь выражает приказание, то глагол to say меняется на глагол to tell. Повелительное наклонение заменяется в косвенной речи инфинитивом (глагол с частицей to).

  2. My friend told us not to come that day.

    Если прямая речь выражает приказание, то глагол to say меняется на глагол to tell. Отрицательная форма повелительного наклонения заменяется инфинитивом с частицей not. Today меняется на that day.

  3. He told Mary not to forget to send him an e-mail.

    Если прямая речь выражает приказание, то глагол to say меняется на глагол to tell. Отрицательная форма повелительного наклонения заменяется инфинитивом с частицей not.

  4. Karrie told me to call her the next day.

    Если прямая речь выражает приказание, то глагол to say меняется на глагол to tell. Повелительное наклонение заменяется в косвенной речи инфинитивом (глагол с частицей to). Tomorrow меняется на the next day.

  5. She told me not to shout at her.

    Если прямая речь выражает приказание, то глагол to say меняется на глагол to tell. Отрицательная форма повелительного наклонения заменяется инфинитивом с частицей not.

Задание 2

  1. told

    После глагола to tell всегда следует косвенное дополнение, обозначающее лицо, к которому обращена просьба или приказание – told her.

  2. say

    Косвенного дополнения, обозначающего лицо, к которому обращена просьба или приказание, нет. Поэтому употребление глагола to tell исключено.

  3. said

    Косвенного дополнения, обозначающего лицо, к которому обращена просьба или приказание, нет. Поэтому употребление глагола to tell исключено.

  4. tell

    После глагола to tell всегда следует косвенное дополнение, обозначающее лицо, к которому обращена просьба или приказание – tell us.

  5. said

    Косвенного дополнения, обозначающего лицо, к которому обращена просьба или приказание, нет. Поэтому употребление глагола to tell исключено.

Задание 3

  1. She asked John when he was going to come.

    Present Simple меняется на Past Simple (are going –> was going). Вопросительный порядок слов заменяется порядком слов повествовательного предложения.

  2. He asked her who was her favourite actor.

    Present Simple меняется на Past Simple (is –> was). В этом предложении “Who is your favourite actor?” вопросительного порядка слов нет изначально, так как это вопрос к подлежащему. В косвенной речи также сохраняется порядок слов повествовательного предложения.

  3. A man asked me if I had a car.

    Present Simple меняется на Past Simple (have –> had). Общие вопросы переводятся в косвенную речь при помощи союзов if/whether. Вопросительный порядок слов заменяется порядком слов повествовательного предложения.

  4. My father asked me where I had been the day before.

    Past Simple меняется на Past Perfect (were –> had been). Вопросительный порядок слов заменяется порядком слов повествовательного предложения. Yesterday меняется на the day before.

  5. Helen asked him if he would be at home.

    Future Simple меняется на Future in the Past (will be –> would be). Общие вопросы переводятся в косвенную речь при помощи союзов if/whether. Вопросительный порядок слов заменяется порядком слов повествовательного предложения.

Задание 4

  1. He said that he could drive a car.

    В косвенной речи can меняется на could.

  2. She told me that I ought to call her.

    Если после to say имеется дополнение, обозначающее лицо, к которому обращаются с речью (to me), то say заменяется tell. Глагол ought в косвенной речи не изменяется.

  3. She said that he must stay there.

    В косвенной речи модальный глагол must в значении приказания и долженствования остается без изменений. Here меняется на there.

  4. They told me that I should drive more carefully.

    Если после to say имеется дополнение, обозначающее лицо, к которому обращаются с речью (to me), то say заменяется tell. Глагол should в косвенной речи не изменяется.

Задание 5

  1. the day before

    В косвенной речи yesterday меняется на the day before.

  2. that day

    В косвенной речи today меняется на that day.

  3. the next day

    В косвенной речи tomorrow меняется на the next day.

  4. two days before

    В косвенной речи the day before yesterday меняется на two days before.

Другие полезные материалы

Косвенная речь. Согласование времен. Ключи к английской грамматике

  • Indirect questions — Перевод в косвенную речь вопросительных предложений
    Сдвиг времен в придаточном дополнительном при главном предложении в прошедшем времени
    Present Simple → Past Simple Present Continuous → Past Continuous Действие придаточного предложения происходит одновременно с действием главного.
    Present Perfect → Past Perfect Past Simple → Past Perfect Действие придаточного предложения предшествует действию главного.
    Future → Future-in-the-Past Действие придаточного предложения совершается позже действия главного.
    Употребляя простые предложения в роли придаточных дополнительных при главном предложении в прошедшем времени, сдвигайте времена, как указано в таблице:
    Sequence of Tenses
    Не

    • lives
    • lived
    • Mother is sleeping.
    • was sleeping

    in New York. I thought that he in New York. I knew that mother .

    Одновременное действие Одновременное действие
    He

    1. has returned
    2. had returned
    3. He bought a new car.
    4. had bought

    from London. I was told that he from London. I heard that he a new car.

    Предшествующее действие Предшествующее действие
    He will send us a letter. I supposed that he would send us a letter. Последующее действие

    1. When he learnt that his son always received excellent marks in all the subjects at school, he was very pleased. 2. When he learnt that his son had received an excellent mark at school, he was very pleased. 3. We did not know where our friends went every evening. 4. We did not know where our friends had gone. 5. She said that her best friend was a doctor. 6. She said that her best friend had been a doctor. 7. I didn't know that you worked at the Hermitage. 8. I didn't know that you had worked at the Hermitage. 9. I knew that you were ill. 10. I knew that you had been ill. 11. We found that she left home at eight o'clock every morning. 12. We found that she had left home at eight o'clock that morning. 1. My uncle says he has just come back from the Caucasus. 2. He says he has spent a fortnight in the Caucasus. 3. He says it did him a lot of good. 4. He says he feels better now. 5. He says his wife and he spent most of their time on the beach. 6. He says they did a lot of sightseeing. 7. He says he has a good camera. 8. He says he took many photographs while travelling in the Caucasus. 9. He says he will come to see us next Sunday. 10. He says he will bring and show us the photographs he took during his stay in the Caucasus. 1. Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides. 2. He says they have made good progress in English. 3. Oleg says that in a day or two several English students will come to pay a visit to their school and he will probably have to act as an interpreter. 4. Ann says she has just met Boris in the street. 5. She says Boris told her a lot of interesting things about his travels in the south. 6. Nick says he is going to the hotel to see his friends, who have just arrived in St. Petersburg from the United States of America. 7. He says they have not been here for a long time. 8. He says they were friends at school. 9. He says he will take them to the theatre on Sunday. 10. They say they will write me a letter when they return home. 1. I knew they (to wait) for me at the metro station and I decided to hurry. 2. I didn't know that you already (to wind) up the clock. 3. I was afraid that the little girl (not to be) able to unlock the front door and (to go) upstairs to help her. 4. He says that he (to know) the laws of the country. 5. Sarie understood why Lanny (not to come) the previous evening. 6. She asked me whether I (to remember) the legend about a faithful lion. 7. He understood that the soldiers (to arrest) him. 8. He could not understand why people (not to want) to take water from that well. 9. I suppose they (to send) a dog after the burglar immediately. 10. He said he (to leave) tomorrow morning. 11. She says she already (to find) the book. 12. He stopped and listened: the clock (to strike) five. 13. She said she (can) not tell me the right time, her watch (to be) wrong. 14. I asked my neighbour if he ever (to travel) by air before. 15. The policeman asked George where he (to run) so early.

    16. The delegates were told that the guide just (to go) out and (to be) back in ten minutes.

    1. My friend asked me who (is playing, was playing) the piano in the sitting room. 2. He said he (will come, would come) to the station to see me off. 3. I was sure he (posted, had posted) the letter. 4. I think the weather (will be, would be) fine next week. I hope it (will not change, would not change) for the worse. 5.I knew that he (is, was) a very clever man. 6. I want to know what he (has bought, had bought) for her birthday. 7. I asked my sister to tell me what she (has seen, had seen) at the museum. 8. He said he (is staying, was staying) at the Ritz Hotel. 9. They realized that they (lost, had lost) their way in the dark. 10. He asked me where I (study, studied). 11. I thought that I (shall finish, should finish) my work at that time. 12. He says he (works, worked) at school two years ago.

    13. Victor said he (is, was) very busy.

    1. You will fall and break your leg. (I was afraid) 2. My friend has never been to Washington. (I knew) 3. She never drinks milk. (I was told) 4. He is a very talented singer. (We were told) 5. They live a happy life. (We knew). 6. The children are playing in the yard. (She thought) 7. Her friend will come to see her. (She hoped) 8. Father has repaired his bicycle. (He thought) 9. She knows English very well. (I supposed) 10. Our sportsmen will win the game. (We were sure) 11. He does not know German at all. (I found out) 12. She made no mistakes in her dictation. (She was glad) 13. He works at his English hard. (I knew) 14. She dances better than anybody else. (I was told) 15. My cousin has received a very interesting offer from his firm. (I learnt) 16. She will come to stay with us. (My aunt wrote in her letter) 17. He is painting a new picture. (We heard) 18. His new picture will be a masterpiece. (We were sure) 1. Я знала, что она работает на заводе, что у нее есть муж и двое детей, что семья у нее очень дружная и она счастлива. 2. Он сказал мне вчера, что раньше он учился в университете. 3. Мы решили на прошлой неделе, что будущим летом мы все поедем в Крым. 4. Сестра сказала, что хочет приехать к нам сама. 5. Я знала, что она очень занята. 6. Никто не знал, что вы ждете здесь. Пойдемте в дом. 7. Гид предупредил нас, что в этой части города движение довольно сильное. 8. Секретарь не заметил, что директор с кем-то разговаривает. 9. Все мы знали, что ее семья опять в Санкт-Петербурге. 10. Лена сказала, что она дарит нам эту картину. 11. Она сказала, что ее коллеги всегда дают ей прекрасные советы. 12. Он сказал, что любит эту пьесу. 13. В прошлом году они думали, что никогда не будут хорошо читать по-английски, но вчера они увидели, что читают тексты довольно хорошо. 14. Он сказал мне вчера, что его отец — профессор и живет в Москве. 1. Я боялся, что заблужусь в лесу. 2. Она знала, что мы никогда не видели ее картины. 3. Ученый был уверен, что найдет решение проблемы. 4. Я знал, что ты приехал в Санкт-Петербург, и полагал, что ты навестишь меня. 5. Мы не думали, что он так рассердится. 6. Мы вчера узнали, что она больна. 7. Он думал, что она не придет в школу. 8. Я знал, что моя сестра изучает французский язык, и думал, что она поедет в Париж. 9. Мне сказали, что ты мне звонил. 10. Я думал, что ты в Москве. 11. Я не знал, что ты уже вернулся в Санкт-Петербург. 12. Мы надеялись, что поедем в Лондон. 13. Учитель сказал, что наши друзья прислали письмо из Лондона. 14. Она сказала, что ее подруга пригласила ее в театр. 15. Мы боялись, что не купим билет в театр. 16. Мы увидели, что дети играют в песке. 17. Она сказала, что больше не будет купаться, потому что вода холодная. 18. Моя двоюродная сестра сказала, что любит оперу и будет рада пойти с нами в театр, хотя уже дважды слушала «Травиату.» 1. Я думал, что он подождет меня. 2. Он боялся, что ему будет трудно сделать доклад. 3. Он сказал нам, что когда он вошел в комнату, его друг уже сидел на диване. Он читал газету. 4. Мы надеялись, что она скоро придет. 5. Он сказал, что не знает, когда начнется конференция. 6. Я был уверен, что если мы поспешим, мы не опоздаем на поезд. 7. Он спросил меня, что я буду делать вечером. Я ответил, что не знаю, буду ли я свободен вечером, но сказал, что если буду свободен, то позвоню ему часов в восемь. 8. Все были уверены, что Борис хорошо сдаст экзамены. 9. Он говорил, что Лев Толстой — его любимый писатель. 10. Я знал, что вы живете в Москве, но не знал вашего адреса. 11. Он сказал, что бросит курить. 12. Все знали, что она поедет в Рим. 13. Простите, мы не думали, что вы ждете нас. 14. Я не знал, что вы тоже любите футбол. 15. Я был уверен, что он будет выдающимся артистом. 16. Я боялся, что вы не последуете моему совету. 17. Я не знал, что ты будешь работать в читальном зале.

    Top

    Косвенная речь При переводе предложений в косвенную речь не забывайте заменять обстоятельства времени, как указано в таблице.
    Direct speech Indirect speech
    today that day
    yesterday the day before
    tomorrow the next day
    … ago … before
    this … that…
    these … those …
    here there
    last year the year before
    last month the month before
    last … the … before
    next… the following …

    Indirect commands — Перевод в косвенную речь повелительных предложений

    Indirect commands
    Keep quiet! Don't make noise!
    He told me to keep quiet and not to make noise
    He asked me

    Упражнение 316. Передайте следующие повелительные предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. The teacher said to me: «Hand this note to your parents, please.» 2. Oleg said to his sister: «Put the letter into an envelope and give it to Kate.» 3. «Please help me with this work, Henry,» said Robert. 4. «Please bring me some fish soup,» he said to the waitress. 5. «Don't worry over such a small thing,» she said to me. 6.

    «Please don't mention it to anybody,» Mary said to her friend. 7. «Promise to come and see me,» said Jane to Alice. 8. He said to us: «Come here tomorrow.» 9. I said to Mike: «Send me a telegram as soon as you arrive.» 10. Father said to me: «Don't stay there long.» 11. Peter said to them: «Don't leave the room until I come back.

    » 12. «Take my luggage to Room 145,» he said to the porter. 13. He said to me: «Ring me up tomorrow.» 14. «Bring me a cup of black coffee,» she said to the waiter. 15. «Don't be late for dinner,» said mother to us. 16. Jane said to us: «Please tell me all you know about it.» 17.

    She said to Nick: «Please don't say anything about it to your sister.»

    Упражнение 317. Передайте следующие повелительные предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «Explain to me how to solve this problem,» said my friend to me. 2. The doctor said to Nick: «Open your mouth and show me your tongue.» 3. «Don't be afraid of my dog,» said the man to Kate. 4. «Take this book and read it,» said the librarian to the boy. 5. The doctor said to Pete: «Don't go for a walk today.» 6.

    «Don't eat too much ice cream,» said Nick's mother to him. 7. «Go home,» said the teacher to us. 8. «Buy some meat in the shop,» said my mother to me. 9. «Sit down at the table and do your homework,» said my mother to me. 10. «Don't forget to clean your teeth,» said granny to Helen. 11. «Don't sit up late,» said the doctor to Mary.

    Indirect statements — Перевод в косвенную речь повествовательных предложений

    Indirect statements
    I am an engineer. I work at a plant. In the evening I study English
    He saidHe told me that he was an engineer and worked at a plant. He added that he studied English in the evening.
    I saw my friend yesterday.
    He saidHe told me that he had seen his friend the day before.
    We lived in Rome two years ago. My father worked there.
    He saidHe told me that they had lived in Rome two years before and explained that his father had worked there.
    I shall tell you about it tomorrow.
    He saidHe told me that he would tell me about it the next day.

    Top

    Упражнение 318. Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. Не said: «I have just received a letter from my uncle.» 2. «I am going to the theatre tonight,» he said to me. 3. Mike said: «I spoke to Mr. Brown this morning.» 4. He said to her: «I shall do it today if I have time.» 5. I said to them: «I can give you my uncle's address.» 6.

    Oleg said: «My room is on the second floor.» 7. He said: «I am sure she will ring me up when she is back in St. Petersburg.» 8. Misha said: «I saw them at my parents' house last year.» 9. He said: «I haven't seen my cousin today.» 10. «I don't go to this shop very often,» she said. 11.

    Tom said: «I have already had breakfast, so I am not hungry.»

    Упражнение 319. Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. «This man spoke to me on the road,» said the woman. 2. «I can't explain this rule to you,» said my classmate to me. 3. The teacher said to the class: «We shall discuss this subject tomorrow.» 4. The woman said to her son: «I am glad I am here.» 5.

    Mike said: «We have bought these books today.» 6. She said to me: «Now I can read your translation.» 7. Our teacher said: «Thackeray's novels are very interesting.» 8. She said: «You will read this book in the 9th form.» 9.

    Nellie said: «I read «Jane Eyre» last year.» 10. «My friend lives in Moscow,» said Alec. 11. «You have not done your work well,» said the teacher to me. 12. The poor man said to the rich man: «My horse is wild. It can kill your horse.» 13.

    The rich man said to the judge: «This man's horse has killed my horse.»

    Упражнение 320. Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. The mother said: «The children are in the nursery, doctor.» 2. «I have no time for lunch today,» said the boy to his mother. 3. «You speak English very well,» said the woman to me. 4. My brother said to me: «I am going to become a doctor.» 5. My uncle said to us: «I buy several newspapers every day.» 6.

    The teacher said to the pupils: «Next year we shall have six hours of English a week.» 7. He said to me: «I want to see you today.» 8. She said: «I am free tonight». 9. Mother said to me: «I feel bad today.» 10. The pupil said to the teacher: «I can do my homework after dinner.» 11. The teacher said to Jack: «You work hard, I know. You are a good boy.

    » 12. The old man said to the girl: «You can sing perfectly. I think you will be a famous singer.» 13. My sister said to me: «You look very well, much better than you looked yesterday. I think you have recovered after your illness.» 14. «You are an excellent cook. Everything is so tasty,» said my guest to me. 15.

    The student said: «I can't answer this question. I don't understand it.»

    Упражнение 321. Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

    1. Не said to me: «They are staying at the Grand Europe Hotel.» 2. He said: «They are leaving next Monday.» 3. The clerk said to them: «You can leave the key with the maid upstairs.» 4. Masha said: «I usually spend my holidays in the south.» 5. She said: «I spent my holidays in the Crimea last year.» 6. Boris said: «I go to the south every year.» 7.

    He said: «I am going to a health resort tomorrow.» 8. Ann said to us: «They haven't yet come.» 9. She said to us: «They arrived in St. Petersburg yesterday.» 10. I said: «I was in London last year. My friends in London sometimes invite me to spend my holidays with them.» 11. Nick said: «I have never been to London. I think I shall go there next year.» 12.

    He said: «I shall not stay with my friends too long.»

    Упражнение 322. Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи. Употребляйте любое существительное или местоимение в роли подлежащего главного предложения.

  • Ссылка на основную публикацию
    Adblock
    detector