Тренировочные упражнения на past perfect и past perfect continuous с ответами

Вот несколько упражнений по Past Perfect Continuous. Практикуйте построение утвердительных, отрицательных и вопросительных предложений в Past Perfect Continuous, Active.

Тренировочные упражнения на past perfect и past perfect continuous с ответамиPast Perfect Continuous Tense: Упражнения с Ответами и Примеры Утверждений, Отрицаний и Вопросов

Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Упражнение № 1

Пожалуйста, раскройте скобки:

Выполните следующий тест. Раскройте скобки, следуя структурам построения утвердительных, отрицательных и вопросительных предложений в Past Perfect Continuous.

  1. He (to read) for 2 hours when she came

  2. She (not to watch) TV for 3 hours when he called

  3. They (to run) the whole evening when he met them?

  4. I (to talk) to him

  5. She (not to listen) to them

  6. We (to argue) with each other?

  7. You (to write)

  8. She (not to study)

  9. He (to delete) the file?

  10. They (to sing)

  11. I (not to sleep)

  12. You (to drive)?

  13. He (to drink)

  14. We (not to fight)

  15. They (to cook)?

Ответы:

  1. He had been reading for 2 hours when she came

  2. She had not been watching TV for 3 hours when he called

  3. Had they been running the whole evening when he met them?

  4. I had been talking to him

  5. She had not been listening to them

  6. Had we been arguing with each other?

  7. You had been writing

  8. She had not been studying

  9. Had he been deleting the file?

  10. They had been singing

  11. I had not been sleeping

  12. Had you been driving?

  13. He had been drinking

  14. We had not been fighting

  15. Had they been cooking?

Тренировочные упражнения на past perfect и past perfect continuous с ответами

Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Упражнение № 2

Пожалуйста, переведите предложения:

Выполните следующий тест. Переведите предложения, следуя структурам построения утвердительных, отрицательных и вопросительных предложений в Past Perfect Continuous.

  1. Он гулял 3 часа перед тем, как она ему позвонила

  2. Они не покупали продукты час перед тем, как он увидел их

  3. Мы строили дом 2 часа перед тем, как они пришли?

  4. Он мыл посуду

  5. Она не слушала музыку

  6. Я заваривал чай?

  7. Он думал о ней

  8. Она не убиралась дома

  9. Они проводили время вместе?

  10. Он учил стихотворение

  11. Мы не работали

  12. Я читал почту?

  13. Мы сидели на лавочке

  14. Он не спал

  15. Она резала фрукты?

Ответы:

  1. He had been walking for 3 hours before she called him

  2. They had not been buying products for an hour before he saw them

  3. Had we been building the house for 2 hours before they came?

  4. He had been washing the dishes

  5. She had not been listening to music

  6. Had I been making tea?

  7. He had been thinking about her

  8. She had not been cleaning the house

  9. Had they been spending time together?

  10. He had been learning a poem

  11. We had not been working

  12. Had I been reading the mail?

  13. We had been sitting on the bench

  14. He had not been sleeping

  15. Had she been cutting fruit?

5 крутих комунікативних завдань для практики Past Perfect

Past Perfect иногда трудно объяснить студентам, ведь в нашем языке такого времени нет, и даже те, кто владеет английским на уровне Upper-Intermediate или Advanced, могут иногда употреблять вместо него Past Simple.

И если восполнить пробелы или выбрать нужный ответ студентам достаточно легко, то трудности начинаются там, где нужно употреблять эту структуру во время разговора.

Предлагаем подборку заданий, которые помогут не только запомнить как употреблять Past Perfect, но и заставят студентов коммуницировать друг с другом.

Что за чем?

В этой игре студентам нужно догадаться в какой последовательности их напарник выполнял определенные действия на прошлых выходных или, например, вчера. Сначала ученики составляют по 2 предложения о том, что они сделали. Например: 

  • I had a shower.
  • I finished breakfast.

После этого они зачитывают свои предложения напарнику, который должен воссоздать точную последовательность действий, используя Past Perfect. Например:

  • When you had a shower, you had already finished your breakfast.

Также это задание можно использовать для практики Past Perfect и Past Perfect-Continuous.

Время летит

Приготовьте полоски бумаги, на которых написаны различные временные выражения в прошедшем времени. Например: in February, 2019, Friday, summer тому подобное. Студенты тянут по 1 полоске и рассказывают что они сделали к указанному времени, используя Past Perfect и обязательно слово «already». Например: 

  • I had already applied to school in February.
  • I had already passed an exam by Friday.

Ситуации

Для этой игры вам понадобятся карточки с ситуациями. Раздайте каждой паре студентов набор карточек, которые они раскладывают на парте. Один студент берет карточку и зачитывает ситуацию своему товарищу. Например:

  •  I saw you at a party last week, you had a big smile on your face.

Второй студент должен объяснить как он оказался в этой ситуации, используя Past Perfect. Например:

  • I was smiling because I had drunk a whole bottle of champagne.
  • Yes, I had got a promotion.

Чтобы студенты правильно выполняли задание, смоделируйте ответ самостоятельно. Ведь студенты могут ошибочно употреблять Past Continuous и рассказывать, что они делали на вечеринке, а не до нее.

Выберите самые интересные ответы группы и разберите любые грамматические проблемные моменты.

Сделайте свое лето незабываемым!

Не верю своим глазам

В начале урока притворитесь замученным (ой). Можно извиниться и сказать, что у вас была плохая неделя или день, потому что вашу квартиру ограбили. Например: 

  • I finished work late and then I had problems on the way home and then couldn’t believe my eyes when I got home.

После этого расскажите подробности: 

‘When I arrived home I realized I’d been burgled. I couldn’t believe my eyes. The burglars:

  • had broken down the door
  • had left my papers and photos all over the floor 
  • had locked my cat in the bathroom
  • had taken my… ( a special item) 
  • had broken a the window 
  • had stolen my laptop
  • had eaten the cake I’d bought for my son’s birthday.

Одним словом, чем больше подробностей, тем лучше. После этого, вы можете объяснить Past Perfect, если не изучали его раньше. А если это практика, переходите к следующему этапу. Объедините студентов в группы и дайте каждой группе ситуацию. Они должны хранить ее в тайне от других групп. В группах студенты должны составить 7-8 предложений с использованием Past Perfect.

Ситуации могут быть следующие: 

  • Parents arrive home from holiday having left you in charge of the house. They soon realize you had had a big party while they were away. 

Start: When they arrived home they saw…

  • A teacher came back into the class and realized she shouldn’t have left the students on their own for that long. 

Start: She walked back in and saw…

После этого студенты передают написанное от группы к группе, и их одногруппники должны догадаться о какой ситуации идет речь. Будет весело. 

Почему ты это сказал? 

Следующую игру можно играть как онлайн, так и оффлайн. Раздайте каждому ученику worksheet с вопросами. Например:

  • Why did you say ‘I’m sorry’ to your friend?
  • Why did you say ‘I hope so’ to your teacher?
  • Why did you say ‘ I can’t’ to your classmate? тощо.

Вопросов может быть 8-10. Каждый студент пишет ответы на вопросы в своем бланке. Например:

  • I had forgotten her birthday.
  • I had not passed my homework.
  • I had been busy.

Когда студенты напишут все ответы. Разделите их на пары. Один студент зачитывает объяснения, другой должен догадаться каким был вопрос. Если он отгадывает, получает один балл. И так по очереди, пока все ответы не исчерпаются. Победителем становится тот, у кого больше баллов.

  • Надеемся, что теперь ваши студенты лучше усвоят Past Perfect, и еще больше будут обожать ваши уроки!
  • Как «хакнуть» ЕВИ по английскому языку?
  • Тренировочные упражнения на past perfect и past perfect continuous с ответами

The Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Упражнения с ответами

Тренировочные упражнения на past perfect и past perfect continuous с ответами

Прошедшее совершенное длительное время употребляется, когда:

  • подчеркивается длительность действия, которое началось и закончилось в прошлом перед другим действием в прошлом. She had been living in our city for five years before she moved to the countryside. Она жила в нашем городе 5 лет перед тем, как переехать жить в село.
  • действие началось и закончилось в прошлом и его косвенные результаты видны в прошлом. The boys had been playing in the garden all day so their clothes were dirty. Мальчики играли в саду весь день, поэтому их одежда была грязной (результат их игры отражался в прошлом).
  • She has been working as a shop-assistant for ten years in this shop. Она работает в этом магазине 10 лет (работала до этого и все еще работает).
  • She had been working as a shop-assistant for ten years in this shop. Она работала в этом магазине 10 лет (больше не работает).

Exercise 1. Опираясь на образец, дополните предложения в the Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Example: … before we came from the supermarket. Liz/ to clean/the flat/for two hours.— Liz had been cleaning the flat for two hours before we came from the supermarket.

  1.  … before Tom came to the court. Helen/to play/tennis/for an hour and a half.
  2. … before he retired. Mr Black/to work/as a lawyer/for twenty-five years.
  3. … when the bus arrived. We/ to wait/f or forty minutes.
  4.  Sheila looked tired because She/to sew/a dress/for her little daughter/all day.
  5. Before Jack got to level four …. Не/to play/the same game/for three hours.
  6.  Mike’s neighbours were angry because …. Не/to listen/to loud music/for four hours/yesterday evening.
  7. Everybody was very hungry because …. They/to work/all day/without/а break for lunch.
  8.  … when suddenly the car broke down. We/ to drive/for five hours.
  9.  … before the plane landed in the airport late in the evening yesterday. They/to fly/for six hours.
  10.  … since Easter. Alex and Den/to prepare/for the exams.

Answers: 1. Helen had been playing tennis for an hour and a half before Tom came to the court. 2. Mr Black had been working as a lawyer for twenty-five years before he retired. 3. We had been waiting for forty minutes when the bus arrived. 4.

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Sheila looked tired because she had been sewing a dress for her little daughter all day. 5. Before Jack got to level four he had been playing the same game for three hours. 6. Mike’s neighbours were angry because he had been listening to loud music for four hours yesterday evening. 7.

Everybody was very hungry because they had been working all day without a break for lunch. 8. We had been driving for five hours when suddenly the car broke down. 9. They had been flying for six hours before the plane landed in the airport late in the evening yesterday. 10.

Alex and Den had been preparing for the exam since Easter.

Exercise 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в the Past Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. My sister … (to practise) for two months before that concert.
  2.  The boys … (to fish) for three hours before Tom caught the first fish.
  3. We … (to discuss) that problem for more than an hour before we found the right solution.

  4.  Henry … (to wait) for half an hour before he saw his girlfriend getting off the tram.
  5.  Driving to the hospital was difficult as it … (to snow) all night.
  6. Polly … (to study) economy since she entered university.

  7.  Ron’s collection of coins was valuable as he … (to collect) them since he was a schoolboy.
  8.  When Sam returned home we … (to watch) that TV programme for a quarter of an hour already.

  9. Bill’s coat and mittens were wet because he … (to play) snowballs with his friends in the yard.
  10. David was irritated because the police inspector … (to ask) him questions for more than an hour.

Answers: 1.

My sister had been practising for two months before that concert. 2.The boys had been fishing for three hours before Tom caught the first fish. 3.We had been discussing that problem for more than an hour before we found the right solution. 4. Henry had been waiting for half an hour before he saw his girlfriend getting off the tram.

5. Driving to the hospital was difficult as it had been snowing all night. 6. Polly had been studying economy since she entered university. 7.Ron’s collection of coins was valuable as he had been collecting them since he was a schoolboy. 8.

When Sam returned home we had been watching that TV programme for quarter of an hour already. 9. Bill’s coat and mittens were wet because he had been playing snowballs with his friends in the yard. 10. David was irritated because the police inspector had been asking him questions for more than an hour.

Exercise 3. Сделайте предложения отрицательными и вопросительными

  1.  Brian had been trying to find a better job for three weeks.
  2.  Little Johnny had been riding his new bike all day yesterday.
  3. Robert and Frank had been fixing that computer for two hours yesterday.
  4. Julia had been typing the report all the morning yesterday.

  5.  It had been raining all night last Tuesday.
  6.  The Smiths had been building their house for four years.
  7. We had been skating for three hours yesterday.
  8.  You had been decorating the classroom for more than two hours last Saturday.
  9.  The twins had been fighting in the backyard when their mother saw them.

  10.  Molly had been speaking on the phone for an hour and a half yesterday evening.

Answers: 1. Brian hadn’t been trying to find a better job for three weeks. Had Brian been trying to find a better job for three weeks? 2. Little Johnny hadn’t been riding his new bike all day yesterday.

Had little Johnny been riding his new bike all day yesterday? 3. Robert and Frank hadn’t been fixing that computer for two hours yesterday. Had Robert and Frank been fixing that computer for two hours yesterday? 4. Julia hadn’t been typing the report all the morning yesterday. Had Julia been typing the report all the morning yesterday? 5.

It hadn’t been raining all night last Tuesday. Had it been raining all night last Tuesday? 6. The Smiths hadn’t been building their house for four years. Had the Smiths been building their house for four years? 7. We hadn’t been skating for three hours yesterday. Had we been skating for three hours yesterday? 8.

You hadn’t been decorating the classroom for more than two hours last Saturday. Had you been decorating the classroom for more than two hours last Saturday? 9. The twins hadn’t been fighting in the backyard when their mother saw them. Had the twins been fighting in the backyard when their mother saw them? 10.

Molly hadn’t been speaking on the phone for an hour and a half yesterday evening. Had Molly been speaking on the phone for an hour and a half yesterday evening?

Exercise 4. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму

  1.  It … (to snow) for five hours before the weather changed.
  2.  Betty and Jane … (to argue) for half an hour when their parents returned home.
  3.  Why did Ed miss his training yesterday? — He couldn’t come because he … (to prepare) his project all day yesterday.

  4. … Isabel… (to work) as a secretary for four years before she moved to another town? — No, she …. She … (to work) as a secretary just for two years.
  5. … Pete … (to play) computer games all the evening last Friday? — No, he …. He … (to write) an essay for two hours and then he went for a walk.

  6.  Jean … (not to wait) for our boss all the morning yesterday. She … (to speak) to some clients for about an hour and then she went to the bank.
  7.  Kevin was exhausted because he … (to unload) the lorry for three hours.

  8.  I was really happy that Ron won that competition because he … (to prepare) for it for half a year.
  9. … you … (to save) money for a new computer for a long time? — Yes, I… . I… (not to spend) a penny for six months before I got a sufficient sum.

  10.  Cathy and Sue … (to tidy) our cottage house for two days after that birthday party.

Answers: 1. It had been snowing for five hours before the weather changed. 2. Betty and Jane had been arguing for half an hour when their parents returned home. 3.

Why did Ed miss his training yesterday? — He couldn’t come because he had been preparing his project all day yesterday. 4. Had Isabel been working as a secretary for four years before she moved to another town? — No, she hadn’t. She had been working as a secretary just for two years. 5. Had Pete been playing computer games all the evening last Friday? — No, he hadn’t.

He had been writing an essay for two hours and then he went for a walk. 6. Jean hadn’t been waiting for our boss all the morning yesterday. She had been speaking to some clients for about an hour and then she went to the bank. 7. Kevin was exhausted because he had been unloading the lorry for three hours. 8.

I was really happy that Ron won that competition because he had been preparing for it for half a year. 9. Had you been saving money for a new computer for a long time? — Yes, I had. I hadn’t been spending a penny for six months before I got a sufficient sum. 10. Cathy and Sue had been tidying our cottage house for two days after that birthday party.

Составляя специальные вопросы в прошедшем совершенном длительном времени, слова располагают в таком порядке: вопросительное слово (Wh-word), вспомогательный глагол had, подлежащее, глагол been и смысловой глагол с окончанием -іng.
Wh-word + had + l/you/he/she/it/we/they + been + Ving?

Например:
What had he been doing before the concert began yesterday? Что он делал вчера перед началом концерта?

Who had been working in the garden since 3 o’clock last Monday? Кто работал в саду с трех часов в прошлый понедельник?

Past Perfect Continuous — примеры и правила времени

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Past Perfect Continuous Tense — прошедшее совершенное длительное время. По-русски произносится как «паст перфект континиус». Время длительное, да еще и совершенное. Разве так бывает? В русском языке нет аналога для Past Perfect Progressive, мы используем только одно настоящее время. 

Давайте разберемся в правилах Past Perfect Continuous, поймем его логику и узнаем, в каких случаях использовать это время. 

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Образование предложений Past Perfect Continuous

Вот как образуется Past Perfect Continuous:

  • Bob had been waiting for more than 2 hours when Mary finally arrived. – Боб ждал больше двух часов когда Мэри наконец-то приехала.
  • Bob wanted to sit down because he had been standing all day at work. – Боб хотел сесть, потому что весь день стоял на работе. 
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Новичкам в Past Perfect Continuous сложнее всего дается написание окончания -ing у глаголов и изменение глагола to be с разными местоимениями. Повторим эти сложные моменты. 

Правила написания окончания -ing у глаголов

Обычно к глаголу просто прибавляется окончание -ing:

  • play => playing (играть)
  • laugh => laughing (смеяться)
  • do => doing (делать)
Исключения  

  • Если глагол заканчивается на гласную -e, то она опускается: 

bake => baking (печь)  

  • Когда глагол оканчивается на -ie, эти две буквы заменяются на одну -y:

lie => lying (лгать)  

  • Если глагол оканчивается на одну согласную букву, перед которой есть ударный гласный звук, то согласная буква на конце удваивается:

 

  • beg – begging (умолять),
  • begin – beginning (начать),
  • regret – regretting (сожалеть)

  Bob was tired because he had been jogging for 2 hours. – Боб устал, потому что бегал 2 часа.  Mary and Bob had been living together for 5 years when they finally bought a flat. – Мэри и Боб жили вместе 5 лет, когда они наконец купили квартиру. 

Утверждение

Разберем, как образуется утверждение и примеры утвердительных предложений в Past Perfect Continuous. 

Подлежащее: существительное или местоимение Вспомогательный глагол to be Сказуемое: глагол 
  1. I
  2. he, she, it
  3. Bob (he)
  4. Mary (she)
  5. dog (it) 
  6. you, we, they
  7. students (they) 

 

had been глагол с окончанием -ing working, eating, sleeping
  • Bob had been teaching at the university for 5 years before he moved to Moscow. – Боб преподавал в университете 5 лет перед тем, как переехал в Москву. 
  • By the time Mary woke up, Bob had been cooking breakfast for 2 hours. – К тому времени как Мэри проснулась, Боб готовил завтрак 2 часа. 

Отрицание

Отрицательное предложение в Past Perfect Continuous формируется так: 

Подлежащее: существительное или местоимение Вспомогательный глагол + частица not Сказуемое: глагол
  • I
  • he, she, it
  • Bob (he)
  • Mary (she)
  • dog (it)
  • you, we, they
  • students (they) 
  • my family and I (we)

 

had not been глагол с окончанием -ing working, eating, sleeping
  • Bob had not been waiting for more than two hours when Mary’s plane finally arrived. – Боб не ждал дольше двух часов, когда самолет Мэри наконец приземлился. 
  • By the time Bob’s father retired, he hadn’t been working in this company for 20 years. – К тому моменту как отец Боба вышел на пенсию, он не проработал в этой компании 20 лет. 

Вопрос

Учимся формировать общие вопросительные предложения в Past Perfect Continuous:

Вспомогательный глагол Подлежащее: существительное или местоимение Вспомогательный глагол Сказуемое: глагол
Had
  1. I
  2. he, she, it
  3. Bob (he)
  4. Mary (she)
  5. dog (it) 
  6. you, we, they
  7. students (they) 
  8. my family and I (we) 

 

been глагол с окончанием -ing working, eating, sleeping
  • Had students been playing football for 45 minutes when the rain started? – Студенты играли в футбол 45 минут, когда начался дождь?
  • Had Bob been waiting for more than two hours when Mary’s plane finally arrived? – Боб ждал больше двух часов, когда самолет Мэри наконец приземлился? 

У Past Perfect Continuous есть два случая употребления. Вот они:

1. Действие началось в прошлом и длилось до определенного момента в прошлом. Мы говорим об определенном моменте в прошлом в Past Simple, его обязательно нужно указывать в предложении. 

  • How long had you been studying English before you joined Skyeng? – Как долго ты учил английский перед тем как пришел в Skyeng? 
  • By the time Bob moved to Moscow, Mary had been preparing apartment for a week. – К тому моменту как Боб переехал в Москву, Мэри подготавливала квартиру неделю.

2. Действие длилось в прошлом и в прошлом был виден результат:

  • The apartment was shiny and beautifully designed. Mary had been preparing it for a week. – Квартира сияла и была красиво оформлена. Мэри подготавливала ее неделю. 
  • I failed my English exam because I had not been attending class. – Я завалил экзамен по английскому, потому что не посещал занятия.

Маркеры времени Past Perfect Continuous 

Past Perfect/Past Perfect Continuous упражнения и задания на прошедшее время с ответами и переводом на русский язык, сравнение времен, правила и примеры использования

Упражнения «Сравнение времен Past Perfect — Past Perfect Continuous» 

Упражнение № 1 Поставьте глаголы из скобок в форму Past Perfect или Past Perfect Continuous.

  • Julia wanted to sit down as she … (stand) at work all day long. (Джулия хотела присесть, потому что она весь день на работе стояла на ногах.)
  • She … (learn) “Eugene Onegin” by the autumn. (К осени она выучила «Евгения Онегина».)
  • The rain stopped but there were a lot of puddles because it … (rain) cats and dogs. (Дождь прекратился, но было много луж, потому что лило как из ведра.)
  • Olivia and Victor … (chat) via Skype for an hour when the connection broke. (Оливия и Виктор беседовали по скайпу в течение часа, когда связь прервалась.)
  • They … (decorate) the New Year tree before the children arrived. (Они украсили новогоднюю елку до того, как прибыли дети.)
  • Bob … (eat up) all the muffins by lunchtime. (Боб съел все маффины к обеду.)
  • My sister … (do) the laundry since early morning. (Моя сестра занималась стиркой с самого раннего утра.)
  • I knew that our parents … (grow) melons in their greenhouse since they bought the house. (Я знал, что наши родители выращивали дыни в теплице с тех пор, как купили дом.)
  • He … (loose) much weight by the end of the year. (Он сильно похудел к концу года.)
  • Brown understood the problems of his agency because he … (work) for it since 2005. (Мистер Браун понимал все проблемы своего агентства, поскольку работал в нем с 2005 года.)
  • Ответы:

  • had been standing
  • had learnt
  • had rained
  • had been chatting
  • had decorated
  • had eaten up
  • had been doing
  • had been growing
  • had lost
  • had been working
  • Упражнение № 2  

    В каждой паре предложений поставьте глагол в одной из форм: Past Perfect или Past Perfect Continuous.

    1. to listen

    My head hurt because I … to music for three hours. – I knew the names of the robbers because I … to the news on TV.

    2. to build

    They … a new school for six months when there was an earthquake. – They … a new block of flats by December.

    3. to fly

    By the time the sun went down the couple … over the Pacific ocean for five hours. – By the time the sun went down the couple … more than 500 km over the Pacific ocean.

    Ответы:

  • My head hurt because I had been listening to music for three hours. (У меня болела голова, потому что я слушал музыку на протяжении трех часов.) – I knew the names of the robbers because I had listened to the news on TV. (Я знал имена грабителей, потому что слушал новости по телевизору.)
  • They had been building a new school for six months when there was an earthquake. (Они строили новую школу в течение шести месяцев, когда произошло землетрясение.) – They had built a new block of flats by December. (Они построили новый многоквартирный дом к декабрю.)
  • By the time the sun went down the couple had been flying over the Pacific ocean for five hours. (К тому времени, когда зашло солнце, пара уже летела над Тихим океаном в течение пяти часов.) – By the time the sun went down the couple had flown more than 500 km over the Pacific ocean. (К тому времени, когда зашло солнце, пара пролетела над Тихим океаном более 500 километров.)
  • Упражнение № 3 Опираясь на образец, дополните предложения в the Past Perfect Continuous Tense.Example: … before we came from the supermarket. Liz/ to clean/the flat/for two hours.— Liz had been cleaning the flat for two hours before we came from the supermarket.

  • … before Tom came to the court. Helen/to play/tennis/for an hour and a half.
  • … before he retired. Mr Black/to work/as a lawyer/for twenty-five years.
  • … when the bus arrived. We/ to wait/f or forty minutes.
  • Sheila looked tired because She/to sew/a dress/for her little daughter/all day.
  • Before Jack got to level four …. Не/to play/the same game/for three hours.
  • Mike’s neighbours were angry because …. Не/to listen/to loud music/for four hours/yesterday evening.
  • Everybody was very hungry because …. They/to work/all day/without/а break for lunch.
  • … when suddenly the car broke down. We/ to drive/for five hours.
  • … before the plane landed in the airport late in the evening yesterday. They/to fly/for six hours.
  • … since Easter. Alex and Den/to prepare/for the exams.
  • Ответы: 1. Helen had been playing for an hour and a half before Tom came to the court. 2. Mr Black had been working as a lawyer for twenty-five years before he retired. 3. We had been waiting for forty minutes when the bus arrived. 4.

    Sheila looked tired because she had been sewing a dress for her little daughter all day. 5. Before Jack got to level four he had been playing the same game for three hours. 6. Mike’s neighbours were angry because he had been listening to loud music for four hours yesterday evening. 7.

    Everybody was very hungry because they had been working all day without a break for lunch. 8. We had been driving for five hours when suddenly the car broke down. 9. They had been flying for six hours before the plane landed in the airport late in the evening yesterday. 10.

    Alex and Den had been preparing for the exam since Easter.

    Упражнение № 4 Поставьте глаголы в скобках в the Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

  • My sister … (to practise) for two months before that concert.
  • The boys … (to fish) for three hours before Tom caught the first fish.
  • We … (to discuss) that problem for more than an hour before we found the right solution.
  • Henry … (to wait) for half an hour before he saw his girlfriend getting off the tram.
  • Driving to the hospital was difficult as it … (to snow) all night.
  • Polly … (to study) economy since she entered university.
  • Ron’s collection of coins was valuable as he … (to collect) them since he was a schoolboy.
  • When Sam returned home we … (to watch) that TV programme for a quarter of an hour already.
  • Bill’s coat and mittens were wet because he … (to play) snowballs with his friends in the yard.
  • David was irritated because the police inspector … (to ask) him questions for more than an hour.
  • Ответы:

    1. My sister had been practising for two months before that concert. 2.The boys had been fishing for three hours before Tom caught the first fish. 3.We had been discussing that problem for more than an hour before we found the right solution. 4.

    Henry had been waiting for half an hour before he saw his girlfriend getting off the tram. 5. Driving to the hospital was difficult as it had been snowing all night. 6. Polly had been studying economy since she entered university. 7.

    Ron’s collection of coins was valuable as he had been collecting them since he was a schoolboy. 8. When Sam returned home we had been watching that TV programme for quarter of an hour already. 9. Bill’s coat and mittens were wet because he had been playing snowballs with his friends in the yard.

    10. David was irritated because the police inspector had been asking him questions for more than an hour.

    Упражнение № 5 Сделайте предложения отрицательными и вопросительными.

  • Brian had been trying to find a better job for three weeks.
  • Little Johnny had been riding his new bike all day yesterday.
  • Robert and Frank had been fixing that computer for two hours yesterday.
  • Julia had been typing the report all the morning yesterday.
  • It had been raining all night last Tuesday.
  • The Smiths had been building their house for four years.
  • We had been skating for three hours yesterday.
  • You had been decorating the classroom for more than two hours last Saturday.
  • The twins had been fighting in the backyard when their mother saw them.
  • Molly had been speaking on the phone for an hour and a half yesterday evening.
  • Ответы:

    1. Brian hadn’t been trying to find a better job for three weeks. Had Brian been trying to find a better job for three weeks? 2. Little Johnny hadn’t been riding his new bike all day yesterday. Had little Johnny been riding his new bike all day yesterday? 3.

    Robert and Frank hadn’t been fixing that computer for two hours yesterday. Had Robert and Frank been fixing that computer for two hours yesterday? 4. Julia hadn’t been typing the report all the morning yesterday. Had Julia been typing the report all the morning yesterday? 5.It hadn’t been raining all night last Tuesday.

    Had it been raining all night last Tuesday? 6. The Smiths hadn’t been building their house for four years. Had the Smiths been building their house for four years? 7. We hadn’t been skating for three hours yesterday. Had we been skating for three hours yesterday? 8.

    You hadn’t been decorating the classroom for more than two hours last Saturday. Had you been decorating the classroom for more than two hours last Saturday? 9. The twins hadn’t been fighting in the backyard when their mother saw them. Had the twins been fighting in the backyard when their mother saw them? 10.

    Molly hadn’t been speaking on the phone for an hour and a half yesterday evening. Had Molly been speaking on the phone for an hour and a half yesterday evening?

    Упражнение № 5 Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

  • It … (to snow) for five hours before the weather changed.
  • Betty and Jane … (to argue) for half an hour when their parents returned home.
  • Why did Ed miss his training yesterday? — He couldn’t come because he … (to prepare) his project all day yesterday.
  • … Isabel… (to work) as a secretary for four years before she moved to another town? — No, she …. She … (to work) as a secretary just for two years.
  • … Pete … (toplay) computer games all the evening last Friday? — No, he …. He … (to write) an essay for two hours and then he went for a walk.
  • Jean … (not to wait) for our boss all the morning yesterday. She … (to speak) to some clients for about an hour and then she went to the bank.
  • Kevin was exhausted because he … (to unload) the lorry for three hours.
  • I was really happy that Ron won that competition because he … (toprepare) for it for half a year.
  • … you … (to save) money for a new computer for a long time? — Yes, I… . I… (not to spend) a penny for six months before I got a sufficient sum.
  • Cathy and Sue … (to tidy) our cottage house for two days after that birthday party.
  • Ответы: 1. It had been snowing for five hours before the weather changed. 2. Betty and Jane had been arguing for half an hour when their parents returned home. 3. Why did Ed miss his training yesterday? — He couldn’t come because he had been preparing his project all day yesterday. 4.

    Had Isabel been working as a secretary for four years before she moved to another town? — No, she hadn’t. She had been working as a secretary just for two years. 5. Had Pete been playing computer games all the evening last Friday? — No, he hadn’t. He had been writing an essay for two hours and then he went for a walk. 6.

    Jean hadn’t been waiting for our boss all the morning yesterday. She had been speaking to some clients for about an hour and then she went to the bank. 7. Kevin was exhausted because he had been unloading the lorry for three hours. 8.

    I was really happy that Ron won that competition because he had been preparing for it for half a year. 9. Had you been saving money for a new computer for a long time? — Yes, I had. I hadn’t been spending a penny for six months before I got a sufficient sum. 10.

    Cathy and Sue had been tidying our cottage house for two days after that birthday party.

    Упражнение № 6 Составьте вопрос к выделенным словосочетаниям.

  • We had been preparing for the Art Festival for a month.
  • Nora had been swimming in the pool for an hour before the rain started.
  • The boys had been eating hamburgers in the park yesterday.
  • Gordon had been reading the article about new software for half an hour yesterday.
  • Helen had been speaking to her friend on the phone for two hours yesterday.
  • Ответы:

    1. Who had been preparing for the Art Festival for a month? What had we been doing for a month? For what had we been preparing for a month? How long had we been preparing for the Art Festival? 2.

    Who had been swimming in the pool for an hour before the rain started? What had Nora been doing for an hour before the rain started? Where had Nora been swimming for an hour before the rain started? How long had Nora been swimming in the pool before the rain started? 3.

    What had the boys been doing in the park yesterday? What had the boys been eating in the park yesterday? Where had the boys been eating hamburgers? 4.

    What had Gordon been reading for half an hour yesterday? What article had Gordon been reading for half an hour yesterday? How long had Gordon been reading the article about new software yesterday? 5. What had Helen been doing for two hours yesterday? Who had Helen been speaking to on the phone for two hours yesterday? How long had Helen been speaking to her friend on the phone?

    Упражнение № 7 Составьте предложения, используя the Past  Perfect Continuous Tense.

  • We/to wait/outdoors/for twenty minutes/before/he/opened the door.
  • What/Sally/to cook/when/you/came/home/ yesterday?
  • How long/you/to repair/your car/before/Nick/ started/to help/you?
  • Sarah/to collect/dolls/since/she/ was/a girl.
  • Where/they/to come/f rom/when/you/met/them/ yesterday?
  • Who/to sing/karaoke/all the evening/yesterday?
  • Greg/to study/for his final exams/all last month?
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